Playing Odds in Casino Craps

Once a point has been set, a player may place "odds" or "free odds" to back up their original Pass or Don't Pass bet. This is a popular practice since true odds are paid on a these bet as opposed to a pass line bet which pays even money. By placing odds, players reduce the "house edge", or casino's advantage, on their pass line bets. The maximum size of the odds bet that may be placed depends on the rules of the casino. Some casino's may allow players to bet up to 100x their pass line bet as an odds bet. The 3-4-5x maximum (explained below) is most common in live casino craps, while 2 to 3x odds are typical in online casinos.

It is important to note that placing odds does not increase your chances of winning regardless of the multiplier allowed by the casino, but it does increase the amount you can win and reduce the overall house edge of your pass line bet.

It is also worth noting that, unlike a pass line bet which must stay on the table until the round is resolved, odds may be removed any time. In fact, some craps strategies involve the temporary use of odds as a hedge against other bet types.

Point Pass True Odds Don't Pass True Odds
4 or 10 2:1 1:2
5 or 9 3:2 2:3
6 or 8 6:5 5:6

Pass Odds

Most of the casino's on the Vegas strip allow 3-4-5x odds, which means that the maximum odds allowed depends on the point. In a 3-4-5x setting, 3x is allowed if the point is 4 or 10; 4x if the point is 5 or 9; or 5x if the point is 6 or 8. The 3-4-5x odds bet is designed to provide an even payout if the maximum odds are bet: If a player places a $10.00 "Pass" bet, they may place; $30 on a 4 or a 10, $40 on a 5 or a 9, or $50 on a 6 or an 8 and all of these bets pay $60.

In order to place odds on the pass, a player places their chips behind their original line bet and just outside the passline. For don't pass odds, players typically lay odds beside their Don't Pass bet with the chips slightly askew, or heeled. In online or electronic craps games there are usually designated areas for placing or laying odds. If you're not sure how to place a bet you can always ask.

Passline Odds example:

A player places a $10.00 Pass line bet in a casino that allows 3-4-5X odds. A "6" is rolled to establish the point. The player may then place an odds bet of up to $50.00 (5x10) to back up their pass line bet. If the point wins (a 6 is rolled again before a 7 comes up), the player will win: $10.00 for their original pass line bet PLUS $60.00 for their $50.00 pass line odds since the true odds of rolling a 6 are 6:5.

Off-strip or regional casinos may offer craps odds as high as 10x or even 100x. Online and electronic games typically offer 2x or 3x odds. Of course, it's worth repeating that a higher odds multiplier does not increase your chances of winning, but it does decrease the house edge and can significantly increase the potential line bet payout. In addition, a playing strategy that maximizes high odds can require a significant bankroll. At 10x odds for example, a $10 line bet can cost an additional $100 if the odds are maximized. At 100x you'd need $1,000 to cover your odds if you chose to bet the maximum. Using our craps strategy simulator is a good way to determine the bankroll necessary to properly approach your specific craps strategy.

Don't Pass Odds

Don't pass odds are a little different. First, the odds are inverse of the "Pass" odds and the payout is less than even money. So why would you lay odds on a don't pass bet? The payout is less but the chances of winning are better.

With a don't pass bet you "Lay" odds instead of placing them and in a 3-4-5x setting, you would lay 6x odds in order win the maximum pay out. So for example, if a player places a $10.00 "Don't Pass" bet, they may lay; $60 on a 4 or a 10 which pays $30, $60 on a 5 or a 9 which pays $40, or $60 on a 6 or an 8 which pays $50. Exactly the opposite of the Pass scenario.

A player places a $10.00 Don't Pass bet in a casino that allows 3-4-5X odds. A "4" is rolled to establish the point. The player may then lay odds of up to $60.00 (6x10) to back up their Don't Pass bet. If the point loses (a 7 is rolled again before a 4 comes up), the player will win: $10.00 for their original Don't Pass bet PLUS $30.00 for their $60.00 pass line odds since the true odds of rolling a 7 instead of a 4 are 1:2.

Come and Don't Come Odds

"Come" and "Don't Come" bets are just like pass line bets, except that they are only placed when a point is established. Just like a pass line bet, the next roll either resolves the bet (craps or natural is rolled) or a "come-bet-point" is set. Once the "come-point" is set the bet is not resolved until either a 7 is rolled or the come-point. It is therefore possible that a come-point may carry through for several rounds since a point roll may end the round prior to the come-point being rolled. In this case the player may have the option to have their bet "off" during the come-out roll (usually the default) or remain "live".

When a "come-point" is set, the player's chips are moved from the Come or Don't Come bars to the corresponding point. When this happens, a player may also place or lay odds on the "come-point" by placing chips on the Come or Don't Come bars and asking for "Odds on the Come" or "Odds on the Don't Come".

The allowable odds are exactly the same as the Pass and Don't Pass odds for that particular table.

It's also worth noting that players may place Come or Don't come bets before any point roll - not just the first point roll - and may have multiple "come-point" bets (with odds) on the go.

Our strategies page and craps simulator can help provide more detail on your particular approach or craps strategy might work.